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Docker containers hosted on Raspberry Pi on vlan

It was at first a bit tricky to figure out what to use to effectively run docker containers on a vlan. My host device is a Raspberry Pi 4 that is on the vlan that I want to use.

Raspberry Pi configuration

The raspberry pi's ethernet adaptor needs to be set to use predictable interface names, this is done using raspi-config.

  1. Start raspi-config
    > sudo raspi-config
    
  2. Select 6 Advanced Options Main Menu
  3. Select A4 Network Interface Names Advanced Options
  4. Choose Yes Network Interface Names
  5. Reboot when asked.

Docker compose

Your docker-compose.yaml will need to have the following initial configuration. You will need to change the addresses as required. My vlan is 192.168.5.0/24

docker-compose.yaml

version: '3.8'
  networks:
    vlan:
      driver: ipvlan
      driver_opts: 
        parent: eth0
      ipam:
        config:
          - subnet: 192.168.5.0/24
            gateway: 192.168.5.1
            ip_range: 192.168.5.100/25
    backend:

Backend is included for inter-container communications:

Docker container

Containers are now capable of existing on the vlan, backend or both networks. The containers are configured as per this example. !! note "docker-compose.yaml"

version: '3.8'
  networks:
    vlan:
      driver: ipvlan
      driver_opts: 
        parent: eth0
      ipam:
        config:
          - subnet: 192.168.5.0/24
            gateway: 192.168.5.1
            ip_range: 192.168.5.100/25
    backend:

  services:
    caddy:
      image: caddy:2-alpine
      hostname: caddy
      container_name: caddy
      restart: unless-stopped
      networks:
        vlan:
          ipv4_address: 192.168.5.30
        backend:
      ports:
        - "80:80"
        - "443:443"
        - "2019:2019"
        - "32500:32500"
      dns:
        - 192.168.5.23
        - 192.168.1.1
      # configuration has been abbreviated.

  unbound:
      image: klutchell/unbound
      container_name: unbound
      ports:
        - '5053:5053/udp'
      networks:
        backend:
        vlan:
          ipv4_address: 192.168.5.24
      restart: unless-stopped

    pihole:
      container_name: pihole
      image: pihole/pihole:latest
      hostname: pi-hole
      ports:
        - "53:53/tcp"
        - "53:53/udp"
        - "67:67/udp"
        - "80:80/tcp"
        - "443:443/tcp"
      environment:
        - TZ=Pacific/Auckland
        - VIRTUAL_HOST=www.someplace.nz
      networks:
        backend:
        vlan:
          ipv4_address: 192.168.5.23
      restart: unless-stopped

Note that above I have listed the exported ports, this is not necessary on the vlan as the ports are exported in the image configurations. This is just for show.

This should be enough to get going. More than one server can run containers on the same subnet as well.

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